The name of second core of Manas Tiger Reserve is Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary. The Sanctuary is located in the northwest within Baksa and Udalguri and lies between the geographical limits of 91º 42` E and 91º 47` E longitudes and 26º 45` N and 26º52` N latitudes. The total area of the sanctuary is 28.22 km2. The southwest corner of the area falls in the area was known as Bornadi Reserve Forest and was notified vide Govt. notification GFR. 145/42 dated 25/4/42. Later on in the year 1980, it was upgraded into a Wildlife Sanctuary vide Govt. notification FRW. 14/80/1 dated 22/8/80.
The river Bornadi forms the western boundary of the sanctuary which river Nalanadi forms the eastern boundary of the sanctuary. The northern boundary of the sanctuary is well defined by the Indo-Bhutan border and demarcated on the ground by fixing pillars. The southern boundary is demarcated on the ground by digging trenches.
Approach and Access: The Sanctuary may be reached by any of the three routes:-
- Mangaldai – Kalaigaon-Bengabari-Panery-Dimakuchi-Suklai PWD road (65km.)
- Mangaldai – Kalaigaon-Tangla-Panery-Dimakuchi-Suklai PWD road (75km.)
- Baihata-Muktapur-Dipila-Khoirabari-Bhergaon-Dimakuchi-Suklai PWD road (83 km.)
The Sanctuary has only one Range. The headquarters of the Range is located at Rajagarh. The area of the Range is thus, 26.22 sq. Km. The description of the sanctuary boundaries is as follows:-
North:- From the point where the Bornadi crosses the Bhutan boundary between pillars 98 and 99 eastwards along this line to the point where it is crossed by Nalapara nadi between pillars 99 and 100.
East:- Thence along the right bank of the Nalapara nadi for about 155 chains the boundary pillar No.1 at northeast corner of Block 11 of the Bhadlapara Tea Estate thence along the northern boundary of this Block for about 52 chains to boundary pillar No.2 at its northwest corner, thence along the western boundaries of Block 11,8 and 7A of the said Tea Estate for about 154 chains through boundary pillars 3,4,5,6,7,8 and 9 to boundary pillasr 10.
South:- Thence a demarcated line at a bearing of 240◦ for about 28 chains to boundary pillar 11, on the track to Dharamjuli, thence at 270◦ for 77 chains to boundary pillar 12, thence at 292◦ for about 40 chains to boundary pillar 13, thence along the northern boundary of grant 300 of the Atharikhat Tea Estate for about 39 chains to boundary pillar 14, thence at 286◦ for 41 chains to boundary pillar 15, thence along the northern boundary of grant No. 119 N.R. of the same Estate for about 60 chains to boundary pillar 17, thence along the western boundary of grant NO.3/4N.R. Through boundary pillars 18,19,20,21 and 22 for about 115 chains to boundary pillar 23. Thence along a demarcated line at a bearing of 249◦ for about 7 chains to boundary pillar 24, thence at 247◦ for about 6 chains to boundary pillar 25, thence at 250◦ for about 15 chains to boundary pillars 26, thence at 251◦ for about 40 chains to boundary pillar 27, thence at 252 1/2◦ for about 28 chains through boundary pillar 28 ending on the left bank of the Bornadi.
West:- Thence up the left bank of the Bornadi for about 340 chains to the starting point.
The Range is divided into five Blocks measuring a little over 5 sq. km. on an average. The area of each block is given below:-
|Block Number||Block Area (ha)|
Statement of Significance:-
The sanctuary is an important habitat of Pigmy hog (Porcula salvania) and Hispid hare (Caprolagus hispidus). Sightings of these two animals were reported from the area till the mid-nineteenth century. However their sudden reappearance in the area in the year 1971 led to the recognition of the area as of immense importance for the survival of these two animals. The two animals occur over a very narrow geographical range. Similarly, Bengal Florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis) is a critically endangered bird that has a resident population within the fringe of Manas National park.